I have now added the Royal Ecossais to my 18th Century wargames armies. They are one of my favourite units, so I have been looking forward to this.
I had made one figure already, of their Regimental Colonel Lord John Drummond. He arrived in Scotland with his Regiment on 26th November 1745. The main Jacobite Army was marching south from Carlisle towards Preston at that stage. Major General Lord Strathallan had been left in command of a small number of Jacobite forces in Scotland, but Lord John Drummond was now appointed as a Jacobite Lieutenant General, so took over command of the troops in Scotland and set about raising considerably more. I modelled him wearing the Scottish version of his Royal Ecossais uniform, short jacket and blue bonnet, with a plaid slung over his left shoulder.
I have made two more small Jacobite units, both of which were at Culloden.
The first is Kilmarnock’s Foot Guards. This was formed by dismounting Kilmarnock’s Horse Grenadiers and Pitsligo’s Horse, so that their horses could be used by the only Squadron of Fitzjames’ Horse which made it to Scotland (the other three Squadrons and all of the horses of that French Regiment being captured by the Royal Navy).
Kilmarnock’s Horse Grenadiers were 50 men (modelled as two figures) and Pitsligo’s Horse 130 men (modelled as four figures). I had previously modelled these units as mounted, looking like this, with Kilmarnock’s Horse Grenadiers being on the left of the picture and Pitsligo’s Horse on the right.
The Jacobites conducted several sieges, but were hampered by the lack of suitable artillery. This was partially solved by the landing of some heavier French guns in November 1745. These comprised 2 x 8 pounders, 2 x 12 pounders and 2 x 16 pounders. I decided to model these on my standard 18th Century ratio of one model per two real guns, so just one of each calibre. I use different manufacturers models to portray guns of different calibres and mix up carriages and tubes (gun barrels) to suit as shown below:
I have amended the structure of pages of Military Historical Research articles. These were all originally in a single section, but the number of articles was getting long, and I have plans to add more in the near future. I have therefore divided this section into two drop down sub-sections from the main Top Menu. The new sub-sections are Organisation and Tactics.
Having created some additional Blog Post Categories, I have decided to organise them into a logical hierarchy, with main categories of Historical Eras, Troop Types, Military Historical Research, Terrain and General. These then have various subcategories as can be seen in the Post Categories side bar. As my website grows, I think this will make it easier for readers to find blogs which interest them.
I have decided to create some new Blog Post Categories of Command, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery, Engineers and Logistic. I have then gone back over all of my posts to date and added these categories to posts as appropriate. The intention is to make it easier for anyone reading the posts to find a particular subject.
I like having Logistic units for my Wargames Armies. They may not get a lot of use but come in handy for some scenarios. The British Army used a half battalion of Highlanders to guard their baggage train at both Prestonpans and Culloden. The Battle of Clifton was fought as a delaying action to give the Jacobites time to withdraw their artillery and logistic train over the hills.
In most 18th and 19th Century Armies, logistics were organised by commissaries. The post of Commissary-General was normally a civilian or semi-civilian one. However the Jacobite Commissary-General, Colonel Lachlan MacLachlan, was very much a soldier, and died at the end of Culloden, leading his clan in a charge. Here is my model of him. He is a highly converted Strelets Napoleonic British Light Dragoon.
Well, I have finally finished my Jacobite Field Artillery. Their guns were either captured British ones or provided by the French. The Gunners themselves were lowlanders, mainly recruited from the Duke of Perth’s Regiment, with a small number of French Artillery providing command and technical direction. Here is a typical detachment of two model guns (representing four real guns). These guns are British 3 pounders (IMEX AWI American guns), the Jacobite crewmen are conversions from that same set, whilst the French Gunner is a conversion from a Strelets Russian Artillery of Peter I set.
Thornton’s Company of Yorkshire Blues acted as an artillery escort at the Battle of Falkirk. When I modelled them, I assumed that they were really 70 men strong, and therefore made them as a slightly understrength two figures, as described in a recent blog post. I have now realised that they were larger than this.
The French supplied the Jacobite Army with a number of artillery pieces, including six x 4 pound “Swedish” guns (so called because they were based on a lightweight Swedish design). I decided to model a complete French six gun battery (3 model guns) then I could use these for my planned expansion into the War of Austrian Succession, as well as use the same guns with mainly Jacobite gunners, plus a few French crew, for my Jacobite Rebellion set-up.
I based my “Swedish” French guns on those described in the Kronoskaf Seven Years War website (http://www.kronoskaf.com/syw/index.php?title=French_Artillery_%C3%A0_la_Su%C3%A9doise) with gun colour, horse furniture and drivers uniforms as per the print from the New York Public Library below: