My first 18th Century figures were the complete Orbat for the Battle of Prestonpans in 1745. I have extended this to cover all of the British for Falkirk and Culloden, but I have a few Jacobites to finish off.
British infantry of this era had 10 companies per battalion, but I decided to model them on their tactical organisation. For a full strength battalion this would have been 16 centre firing platoons plus two grenadier platoons. However most British infantry during the Jacobite Rebellion were not at full strength, so operated as 12 centre firing platoons plus the two grenadier platoons. Conveniently, if I take each wargame figure as representing one firing platoon, then the 14 figures at my preferred 1:30 ratio gives 420 men, which was indeed the average battalion strength at Culloden.
I have therefore made most of my British battalions comprise 14 figures, a command stand of an officer (who is also carries the Colours) and a drummer, two grenadier figures and 10 other figures. The figures are based in pairs, apart from the grenadiers and one pair of centre figures (the latter because I prefer figure removal rules).
This shows the 58th Foot (Lascelles). The battalion comprises only 12 figures, since the grenadiers have been detached. By pure chance their Brigade Commander is Colonel Lascelles, who is just behind the battalion. The Infantry battalion is all RedBox and Colonel Lascelles is a Strelets Swedish Dragoon.
This shows a rear view of the same battalion. For my Napoleonics I painted all of the flags by hand, but for my 18th Century figures I have found suitable on-line images, used Paint to make both Obverse and Reverse of the flag (if it was not on the original image), printed it out, pasted it around the flagpole (hairgrip) using Pritt Stick, then bent it to make it look as though it is waving in the wind.
The grenadiers are in exactly the same pose as the remainder of their battalion, achieved by head swapping within the RedBox figures. The 58th Foot grenadiers are on the left, with those of the 57th Foot (Murray’s) on their right. For my Napoleonic wargame figures I make all firing figures Light Infantry, but have not done so for my 18th Century Armies, since Light Infantry were only just beginning to come into fashion, and the British Army had none until the French & Indian War.
Here is the left of the British Line at Culloden, with artillery in the intervals between the front line battalions. In the foreground you can see the 21st (Campbell’s Royal Scots Fusiliers), followed by the 37th (Dejean’s) and the 4th (Barrel’s) in the front line. All are RedBox and all are 14 figure battalions, representing the tactical organisation of 12 centre firing platoons and 2 grenadier platoons of a reduced strength British battalion.
I have all 15 battalions that fought at Culloden. I make sure that those that are in the same pose as others, have different coloured facings.
I also have two battalions, each 12 figures of Argyll Militia, advancing here with some skirmishers in front. They are wearing highland clothing, so are indistinguishable from Jacobites, apart from by their Campbell tartan and a black cockade with a red St Andrew’s cross. They are mainly RedBox Highland Infantry or RedBox Loyalists and Milita, although a couple of converted Airfix Napoleonic British Highlanders have been used to make up numbers (that saved me buying another box of RedBox, and I had lots of old Airfix figures).
Their commander is Lt Col John Campbell of Manmore, who I have shown in his 64th Foot (Loudoun’s Highlanders) uniform. He is a converted Strelets Swedish Dragoon.
I also have 2 battalions of Lowland Volunteers, who fought at Falkirk. They are all RedBox Loyalist and Milita. Some have been converted so that they all have tricorne hats, whilst my Jacobite Lowlanders, from the same figures, all have blue bonnets. The 1st Battalion is Glasgow Volunteers, whilst the 2nd Battalion is a mixture of companies from Edinburgh, Stirling and Paisley. Both battalions are carrying old Covenanter Colours.
They are commanded by Lt Col the Earl of Home (Scots Guards). He is a converted Strelets Swedish Dragoon.
My Jacobite units are a variety of sizes, from the really tiny Chisolms (4 figures) up to the Camerons (20 figures), depending upon the largest strength which they reached during the Jacobite Rising. They are based in pairs, the same as the British infantry. They normally fought in 3 deep lines, the same as the British (represented by a single row of figures), but on occasion doubled this up into a six deep formation, represented by two rows of figures, as shown below.
Most of my Jacobite highland infantry are Strelets figures, although I have used some RedBox Highlanders or Militia, plus occasional (highly converted) Airfix Napoleonic British Highlanders. I try to have no two figures the same in any one unit. This shows the MacDonald Brigade, three battalions of 12 figures, from the right, Macdonald of Keppoch’s, Macdonald of Clanranald’s and Macdonell of Glengarry’s. The flags are speculative, white, with a Scottish saltire in the top quadrant and a clan badge.
This shows the Camerons (20 figures) in the foreground, with the Stewart’s of Appin (8 figures) to their right. Their flags are historically correct. In the background are the three battalions of the Atholl Brigade (each 8 figures) plus the combined MacLachlan’s and Macleans (6 figures) on their left. All of my Jacobites have a clan tartan belted plaid (great kilt), with a variety of sept tartans used for jackets.
There are also some Lowland Jacobites. This shows the Duke of Perth’s Regiment (8 figures) with two MacGregors (on the right) attached, as they were at Prestonpans. For later battles the Duke of Perth’s have two extra figures, one being a British Prestonpans deserter in his British uniform, but with a blue bonnet. The lowlanders are mostly RedBox Loyalists & Militia, but do include one Revell AWI American Militia figure and one Airfix AWI figure.