I was chatting on the Napoleon Series Forum a few days ago on the subject of Napoleonic Tactical Drills. It occurred to me that I did have a chapter dealing with this in a book which I began to write some 20 years ago, but never finished.
I have updated all of the diagrams in this particular chapter and it is now published as an article, entitled “Basic Formations and Movement Drills“, within the Tactics Sub-section of the Military Historical Research Section. This may be accessed via that link or the Top Menu of my webpage.
The article covers the basic tactical structures which changed little, if at all, throughout the 17th, 18th and much of the 19th Centuries. I acknowledge that I have relied mainly, although not exclusively, on British Regulations, but all nations used very similar tactical drills at this basic level. I will publish a future article on Tactical Development during the 18th Century.
I like having Logistic units for my Wargames Armies. They may not get a lot of use but come in handy for some scenarios. The British Army used a half battalion of Highlanders to guard their baggage train at both Prestonpans and Culloden. The Battle of Clifton was fought as a delaying action to give the Jacobites time to withdraw their artillery and logistic train over the hills.
In most 18th and 19th Century Armies, logistics were organised by commissaries. The post of Commissary-General was normally a civilian or semi-civilian one. However the Jacobite Commissary-General, Colonel Lachlan MacLachlan, was very much a soldier, and died at the end of Culloden, leading his clan in a charge. Here is my model of him. He is a highly converted Strelets Napoleonic British Light Dragoon.
Well, I have finally finished my Jacobite Field Artillery. Their guns were either captured British ones or provided by the French. The Gunners themselves were lowlanders, mainly recruited from the Duke of Perth’s Regiment, with a small number of French Artillery providing command and technical direction. Here is a typical detachment of two model guns (representing four real guns). These guns are British 3 pounders (IMEX AWI American guns), the Jacobite crewmen are conversions from that same set, whilst the French Gunner is a conversion from a Strelets Russian Artillery of Peter I set.
Thornton’s Company of Yorkshire Blues acted as an artillery escort at the Battle of Falkirk. When I modelled them, I assumed that they were really 70 men strong, and therefore made them as a slightly understrength two figures, as described in a recent blog post. I have now realised that they were larger than this.
The French supplied the Jacobite Army with a number of artillery pieces, including six x 4 pound “Swedish” guns (so called because they were based on a lightweight Swedish design). I decided to model a complete French six gun battery (3 model guns) then I could use these for my planned expansion into the War of Austrian Succession, as well as use the same guns with mainly Jacobite gunners, plus a few French crew, for my Jacobite Rebellion set-up.
I based my “Swedish” French guns on those described in the Kronoskaf Seven Years War website (http://www.kronoskaf.com/syw/index.php?title=French_Artillery_%C3%A0_la_Su%C3%A9doise) with gun colour, horse furniture and drivers uniforms as per the print from the New York Public Library below:
I have a number of scratch built mortar and ammunition carts for my 18th Century British and Jacobite Armies, so I thought that I would post this blog to show how I made them. This one is carrying a Coehorn Mortar.
I was just re-reading Christopher Duffy’s excellent “Fight for a Throne – The Jacobite ’45 Reconsidered”, and realised that there was one small unit of the British Army at the Battle of Falkirk which I had not modelled. This was a company of the Yorkshire Blues, which I have now created. Continue reading
I have been painting up some more Jacobite infantry, starting with Roy Stuart’s Brigade.
Here is Colonel John Roy Stuart himself. He was an ardent Jacobite who had served in the Royal Scots Greys before becoming a Captain of Grenadiers in the French Royal Eccossais.
He was appointed as Colonel of his own Roy Stuart’s Edinburgh Regiment. I doubt if he would have worn Royal Ecossais uniform, since his French rank was junior to several other officers with that Regiment, but his Jacobite rank was senior to them. I have therefore shown him in a tartan jacket and plaid. He is a RedBox Militia figure with an added sword.
When I originally modelled my Prince’s Lifeguards, I did so just as three figures. This was my depiction of them as they were at Culloden, two figures of Lord Elcho’s Troop forming a composite Squadron with two figures of Fitzjames’ Cavalerie and one figure of Lord Balmerino’s Troop forming a composite Prince Charles’ escort troop with one figure of Fitzjames Cavalerie.
So far I have modelled most of the Jacobite Highland Infantry, but only one unit of Jacobite Lowland Infantry, the 1st Battalion Duke of Perth’s Regiment, who were at Prestonpans (with some attached MacGregors).
You can see them here as they were later in the campaign. They are mainly RedBox Loyalist and Militia, but there is one Revell AWI American Militia figure, two Airfix AWI British Grenadiers and one Redbox British Infantry (as the deserter in the rear rank). All have Scots bonnets, achieved by headswaps with other similar figures who have been modelled as Loyalist Volunteers wearing tricornes. Continue reading