During the Jacobite Rebellion, the French sent detachments from their Irish Brigade to Scotland. These were formed together as a composite battalion of Irish Piquets. I decided to model the complete Irish Brigade, which I wanted anyway for my expansion into the War of Austrian Succession, then take a few figures from the various units of this to form my model of the Irish Piquets, in other words exactly what they did in 1745.
The Irish Brigade was commanded by Marshal de Camp (Major-General) Charles O’Brian, Compte (or Vicount) de Clare. He could have worn the French Marshal de Camp blue uniform, however I decided to model him in his Regiment Clare uniform, with yellow facings, but gave him a tricorne with white feathers around the edge, as worn by French Generals.
I have now added the Royal Ecossais to my 18th Century wargames armies. They are one of my favourite units, so I have been looking forward to this.
I had made one figure already, of their Regimental Colonel Lord John Drummond. He arrived in Scotland with his Regiment on 26th November 1745. The main Jacobite Army was marching south from Carlisle towards Preston at that stage. Major General Lord Strathallan had been left in command of a small number of Jacobite forces in Scotland, but Lord John Drummond was now appointed as a Jacobite Lieutenant General, so took over command of the troops in Scotland and set about raising considerably more. I modelled him wearing the Scottish version of his Royal Ecossais uniform, short jacket and blue bonnet, with a plaid slung over his left shoulder.
I have made two more small Jacobite units, both of which were at Culloden.
The first is Kilmarnock’s Foot Guards. This was formed by dismounting Kilmarnock’s Horse Grenadiers and Pitsligo’s Horse, so that their horses could be used by the only Squadron of Fitzjames’ Horse which made it to Scotland (the other three Squadrons and all of the horses of that French Regiment being captured by the Royal Navy).
Kilmarnock’s Horse Grenadiers were 50 men (modelled as two figures) and Pitsligo’s Horse 130 men (modelled as four figures). I had previously modelled these units as mounted, looking like this, with Kilmarnock’s Horse Grenadiers being on the left of the picture and Pitsligo’s Horse on the right.
My Squares and Oblongs article was written 20 years ago. I have now revised it to take into account my more recent research into British Converged Light Battalions. I have not changed the original article, but have added an extra section at the end to explain these drills more fully.
Thornton’s Company of Yorkshire Blues acted as an artillery escort at the Battle of Falkirk. When I modelled them, I assumed that they were really 70 men strong, and therefore made them as a slightly understrength two figures, as described in a recent blog post. I have now realised that they were larger than this.
I was just re-reading Christopher Duffy’s excellent “Fight for a Throne – The Jacobite ’45 Reconsidered”, and realised that there was one small unit of the British Army at the Battle of Falkirk which I had not modelled. This was a company of the Yorkshire Blues, which I have now created. Continue reading
I have been painting up some more Jacobite infantry, starting with Roy Stuart’s Brigade.
Here is Colonel John Roy Stuart himself. He was an ardent Jacobite who had served in the Royal Scots Greys before becoming a Captain of Grenadiers in the French Royal Eccossais.
He was appointed as Colonel of his own Roy Stuart’s Edinburgh Regiment. I doubt if he would have worn Royal Ecossais uniform, since his French rank was junior to several other officers with that Regiment, but his Jacobite rank was senior to them. I have therefore shown him in a tartan jacket and plaid. He is a RedBox Militia figure with an added sword.
I have added a new article in the Military Historical Research section. This is entitled “Squares and Oblongs” and is a copy of an article which I wrote and had published in the magazine “The Age of Napoleon” Issue Number 23 in 1997. It can be accessed through the top menu or this link “Squares and Oblongs“.
I have added a new article in the Military Historical Research section of this website. It can be accessed through the Top Menu bar or via the link Napoleonic Infantry March Rates.
The article was written by me and originally published in First Empire magazine October/November 1994 Issue 19.
So far I have modelled most of the Jacobite Highland Infantry, but only one unit of Jacobite Lowland Infantry, the 1st Battalion Duke of Perth’s Regiment, who were at Prestonpans (with some attached MacGregors).
You can see them here as they were later in the campaign. They are mainly RedBox Loyalist and Militia, but there is one Revell AWI American Militia figure, two Airfix AWI British Grenadiers and one Redbox British Infantry (as the deserter in the rear rank). All have Scots bonnets, achieved by headswaps with other similar figures who have been modelled as Loyalist Volunteers wearing tricornes. Continue reading