The Battle of Inverurie

The Battle of Inverurie took place on 23rd December 1745.  Some accounts would call it a Combat, rather than a Battle, but the effect was the same.  It was the second battle on that site, since there was an earlier one in 1308.  My model of the battlefield is shown below.

3 - Inverurie

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Minor Raids during Jacobite Rebellion

Minor raids were a feature of the Highland way of life, so I decided to model three of these which took place during the Jacobite Rebellion.

0 - Culloden House

 

 

The first of these was against Culloden House in October 1745.  Today Culloden House is a hotel and here is an old postcard of it.

 

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Fort Augustus

In my last post I described how the Jacobites captured Fort George at Inverness in February 1746.  They then moved south to besiege Fort Augustus, which was at the southern end of Loch Ness.  This was a “modern” Vauban style fortress, with four bastions, but it suffered from a couple of fundamental flaws in its design.  Here is an old print of it.

Fort Augustus - 1

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Fort George – Inverness

The “modern” Fort George is a Vauban style fortification to the north of Inverness, but this was built after the Jacobite Rebellion.  In 1746, Fort George was the name given to the old medieval castle guarding the bridge to the south of Inverness.  I decided I needed a Medieval castle to represent this, and explained how I created it in my last post.

The castle reverted to its original name of Inverness Castle after the Jacobite Rebellion and was considerably expanded in the 19th Century.  However I found an old print of it in 1746 and realised that at that time it was mainly a keep plus curtain walls extending out along the banks of the River Ness towards the town.

Inverness - 1

All of the 19th Century extensions were built on the ground in front of the castle from this view.

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British Garrison Troops

The British Army had a number of troops deployed as garrisons in various fortifications in Scotland.  At the start of the rebellion there were garrisons in Edinburgh Castle and Stirling Castle.  There were also detachments Fort George, Fort Augustus and Fort William along the Great Glen (Loch Ness, Loch Lochy and Loch Linnhe).  Finally, in early 1746, garrisons were set up in Blair Atholl Castle and Menzies Castle.

Scotland Map

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Highland Independent Companies

My previous post covered the Argyll Militia, formed in the South West of Scotland to counter the Jacobite Rebellion.   Duncan Forbes, Lord Culloden, was Lord President of Scotland, effectively its Governor in the absence of the Secretary of State for Scotland who was in London.

Lord Loudoun

 

In September 1745, Duncan Forbes was authorised to raise 20 Highland Independent Companies in the North East of Scotland.  These were to operate under the command of Colonel John Campbell, Lord Loudoun, who commanded the 64th Foot.  I had already modelled him since he served as General Cope’s Adjutant General at the Battle of Prestonpans and here he is here.  After Prestonpans he escaped to Inverness and continued to recruit his regiment from there.

 

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Argyll Militia

I am in the middle of modelling the Highland Independent Companies which operated in Northern Scotland during the Jacobite Rebellion.  Meanwhile, I thought I would post a bit about the Argyll Militia.  Later in the 18th Century several Fencible Regiments (for home service only) were formed but there was only such regiment during the Jacobite Rebellion, the Argyll Militia, formed from followers of Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll.

The commission to raise the Argyll Militia was issued in June 1745 to Major General John Campbell of Mamore, a cousin of the Duke, who went on to become the 4th Duke of Argyll in 1761.  However he was in London at the commencement of the Jacobite Rebellion, so his son, the 22 year old Lieutenant Colonel John Campbell of Mamore (later 5th Duke of Argyll) actually raised the Argyll Militia and commanded it throughout the Jacobite Rebellion.

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I modelled him earlier and here he is.  He was the Lieutenant Colonel (deputy commander) of the 64th Foot (Loudoun’s) and I have shown him in their uniform, but with a Campbell plaid and a red saltire on a black cockade on his bonnet, which was worn by the Argyll Militia.   There were a lot of officers named John Campbell, including Lord Loudoun himself, so it is easy to confuse them.  He is a converted Strelets Swedish Trabant (Dragoon) of Charles XII.

 

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43rd Foot and 64th Foot

I have just finished modelling the two Highland Regiments of the British Army during the Jacobite Rebellion, the 43rd Foot (Murray’s Black Watch) and 64th Foot (Loudoun’s).  I had originally modelled the 3 ½ companies (7 figures) of the 64th Foot and one company (2 figures) of 43rd Foot which were at Prestonpans, where they acted as a baggage guard as seen below.

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The wall is from PaperTerrain, with added stone chips stuck on top.  The wagon is scratch built with sides from Wills (now Peco) model railway fencing, wheels from various artillery guns and horses from the Hät Napoleonic French Artillery Limber.  The rearmost female figure on top is from the Atlantic Ancient Life set and the other two are from the Airfix Wagon Train set.

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Jacobite Army Completed

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Well, I have finally completed my Jacobite Army, so to celebrate here is another picture of Prince Charles Edward Stuart, accompanied by Colonel O’Sullivan and his standard bearer.  Bonnie Prince Charlie is a Revell Prussian mounted officer with his tricorne welded into a Scots bonnet, Colonel O’Sullivan is a Revell Austrian artillery driver and the standard bearer is a heavily converted Italeri British Napoleonic Hussar.

 

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