I have now added the Royal Ecossais to my 18th Century wargames armies. They are one of my favourite units, so I have been looking forward to this.
I had made one figure already, of their Regimental Colonel Lord John Drummond. He arrived in Scotland with his Regiment on 26th November 1745. The main Jacobite Army was marching south from Carlisle towards Preston at that stage. Major General Lord Strathallan had been left in command of a small number of Jacobite forces in Scotland, but Lord John Drummond was now appointed as a Jacobite Lieutenant General, so took over command of the troops in Scotland and set about raising considerably more. I modelled him wearing the Scottish version of his Royal Ecossais uniform, short jacket and blue bonnet, with a plaid slung over his left shoulder.
I have made two more small Jacobite units, both of which were at Culloden.
The first is Kilmarnock’s Foot Guards. This was formed by dismounting Kilmarnock’s Horse Grenadiers and Pitsligo’s Horse, so that their horses could be used by the only Squadron of Fitzjames’ Horse which made it to Scotland (the other three Squadrons and all of the horses of that French Regiment being captured by the Royal Navy).
Kilmarnock’s Horse Grenadiers were 50 men (modelled as two figures) and Pitsligo’s Horse 130 men (modelled as four figures). I had previously modelled these units as mounted, looking like this, with Kilmarnock’s Horse Grenadiers being on the left of the picture and Pitsligo’s Horse on the right.
The Jacobites conducted several sieges, but were hampered by the lack of suitable artillery. This was partially solved by the landing of some heavier French guns in November 1745. These comprised 2 x 8 pounders, 2 x 12 pounders and 2 x 16 pounders. I decided to model these on my standard 18th Century ratio of one model per two real guns, so just one of each calibre. I use different manufacturers models to portray guns of different calibres and mix up carriages and tubes (gun barrels) to suit as shown below:
I decided to model a 6 Pounder battery of three models guns, representing six real ones. As mentioned in my article on 18th Century Artillery, I have used model guns from different manufacturers to represent various calibres. In the Napoleonic era most nations simplified their gun carriages to a smaller number of sizes, each of which could be used for a range of calibres. However, in the 18th Century virtually every increase in calibre was accompanied by a larger gun carriage.
I had previously used IMEX AWI American Artillery pieces to represent British 3 Pounders, and I have now used the larger Revell SYW Austrian Artillery pieces to represent British 6 Pounders, as shown below.
My article on Napoleonic March Rates was written 20 years ago. There was one matter which I thought needed clarification, and one which needed correction. I have therefore added an addendum at the end of the article.
I was chatting on the Napoleon Series Forum a few days ago on the subject of Napoleonic Tactical Drills. It occurred to me that I did have a chapter dealing with this in a book which I began to write some 20 years ago, but never finished.
I have updated all of the diagrams in this particular chapter and it is now published as an article, entitled “Basic Formations and Movement Drills“, within the Tactics Sub-section of the Military Historical Research Section. This may be accessed via that link or the Top Menu of my webpage.
The article covers the basic tactical structures which changed little, if at all, throughout the 17th, 18th and much of the 19th Centuries. I acknowledge that I have relied mainly, although not exclusively, on British Regulations, but all nations used very similar tactical drills at this basic level. I will publish a future article on Tactical Development during the 18th Century.
My Squares and Oblongs article was written 20 years ago. I have now revised it to take into account my more recent research into British Converged Light Battalions. I have not changed the original article, but have added an extra section at the end to explain these drills more fully.
I have published a new article in my Military Historical Research section. It is on Napoleonic Artillery and can be seen here: Napoleonic Artillery.
The article was originally drafted over 20 years ago as part of a book which I never finished. There is much better research on Napoleonic Artillery available now, such as books by Kevin Kiley, Anthony Dawson, Paul Dawson and Stephen Summerfield. However, having published articles on my similar old research into Infantry and Cavalry, I thought that I would add this one for completeness.
I like having Logistic units for my Wargames Armies. They may not get a lot of use but come in handy for some scenarios. The British Army used a half battalion of Highlanders to guard their baggage train at both Prestonpans and Culloden. The Battle of Clifton was fought as a delaying action to give the Jacobites time to withdraw their artillery and logistic train over the hills.
In most 18th and 19th Century Armies, logistics were organised by commissaries. The post of Commissary-General was normally a civilian or semi-civilian one. However the Jacobite Commissary-General, Colonel Lachlan MacLachlan, was very much a soldier, and died at the end of Culloden, leading his clan in a charge. Here is my model of him. He is a highly converted Strelets Napoleonic British Light Dragoon.
Well, I have finally finished my Jacobite Field Artillery. Their guns were either captured British ones or provided by the French. The Gunners themselves were lowlanders, mainly recruited from the Duke of Perth’s Regiment, with a small number of French Artillery providing command and technical direction. Here is a typical detachment of two model guns (representing four real guns). These guns are British 3 pounders (IMEX AWI American guns), the Jacobite crewmen are conversions from that same set, whilst the French Gunner is a conversion from a Strelets Russian Artillery of Peter I set.