Having beaten Cope at Prestonpans and taken Edinburgh City, but not the Castle, Prince Charles recruited more Regiments into the Jacobite Army then decided to march south into England to claim the throne on behalf of his father. His Army commenced its march on 1st November 1745.Continue reading
I thought I would make a model of Carlisle Town, as I had earlier done with Edinburgh. The town in the 18th Century looked like this’Continue reading
Defence of Carlisle
I haven’t posted much in the last year, since I have been preoccupied with my wife’s medical conditions. However, I have now given up some other activities and am making time to resume my hobbies.
Inspired by Jonathan Oates excellent book “The Sieges of the ’45”, I earlier created several posts on the defence of Edinburgh. I have now turned my attention to Carlisle. Here is a view of the City in the 18th Century, looking from the South West. The castle is on the left, the town in the centre (dominated by the cathedral) and the southern English Gate on the right..Continue reading
More Paper Soldiers
I have been a bit busy on other things recently, but for the last few weeks I have been in Spain so have returned to expanding my Paperboys Jacobite ’45 set up.
I had previously made all of the British Infantry for Prestonpans, as shown here, here and here. The original Paperboys figures are 28mm high and a stand of 4 infantry is 40mm wide. I wanted my stands to be the same width as my plastic 1:72 figures (23mm high) which have a frontage of 15mm per figure. I therefore reduced the Paperboys scale to 70% which gave 4 figures (20mm high) on a 30mm wide base. My plastic figures are on a 1:30 ratio but by modelling the Paperboys on a 1:15 ratio they cover exactly the same frontage as my plastic units.
The Battle of Clifton
I decided to model the Battle of Clifton (or as some would call it the Skirmish of Clifton). To set the scene, I will start with some slides from my PowerPoint talk on “The 45” which should be finished later this year, and I will give to raise funds for the British Military Charity “Combat Stress”.
In November 1745 the Jacobites marched into England, down the West coast through Carlisle and moving too fast to be caught by Wade’s Northern Army on the East coast. Their intention was to head for London and they expected English Jacobites to join them. A few did in Manchester, but in insignificant numbers. Cumberland’s Midlands Army was positioned to block them just North of Coventry, but Lord George Murray took some of his force on a diversionary move towards Wales, where there was some Jacobite support. Cumberland marched towards Wales, but Murray swung back to rejoin the main Jacobite Army.
As a Cavalry force from Cumberland’s Midlands Army marched north to try to catch the retreating Jacobite Army, he was joined by a Cavalry Brigade from Wade’s Northern Army.
This was commanded by Major General James Oglethorpe. He was the Governor of Georgia, in North America and had been in UK recruiting men to serve there when the Jacobite Rising started, so he was given command of a Cavalry Brigade.
All of his portraits show him in classical half armour, striking heroic poses, however he did not live up to that image.
He did hold a Jacobite peerage and was rumoured to have travelled to Europe incognito to meet the Jacobite Marshal Keith, so this might have accounted for his lacklustre performance in the field.
Cumberland’s Clifton Cavalry amended
I have added one extra figure to my posting about Cumberland’s Clifton Cavalry, a dismounted figure of Lieutenant Colonel Sir Philip Honeywood, the Commanding Officer of the 3rd Dragoons, who commanded the combined force of three dismounted Dragoon Regiments at Clifton. The amended post is below.
Cumberland’s Clifton Cavalry
I decided to model all of the units at the Battle of Clifton. I had already made all of the Jacobite units and had also previously made the three British Cavalry Regiments which were at Clifton, but also at Culloden. These British Cavalry Regiments can be seen below. From front to back, three Squadrons each of 10th (Cobham’s) Dragoons and 11th (Kerr’s) Dragoons plus two Squadrons of 10th (Kingston’s) Light Horse.
Dismounted Jacobite Cavalry Post Amended
By popular demand (well, one comment actually) I have amended my Jacobite Cavalry Post to add an extra larger image of the dismounted figures. The amended post is here, immediately below this one.
Dismounted Jacobite Cavalry
When I created my Jacobite Cavalry I did not originally make any dismounted figures, to fight on foot, since I assumed that their primary role was as mounted scouts. I made four small units of Jacobite Cavalry: Bagot’s Hussars, Strathallan’s Horse, Pitsligo’s Horse and Kilmarnock’s Horse Grenadiers, as seen from left to right below. Pitsligo’s Horse have four figures and the others, two figures each.