I have added the final unit to my Culloden British Army. This is the 10th (Kingston’s) Light Horse, raised as a volunteer unit by the Duke of Kingston on Hull. There is no print or description of their uniform, which has led to a lot of speculation as to what they wore.
They were disbanded in 1746, but immediately re-raised as the 15th (Cumberland’s) Dragoons. There is a David Morier painting of that Regiment, immediately before it was disbanded in 1748, which many have assumed was the same uniform worn by their predecessors of the 10th (Kingston’s) Light Horse. It has green facings, cream or buff waistcoat and breeches and a green plume in their hat.
When I originally modelled my Prince’s Lifeguards, I did so just as three figures. This was my depiction of them as they were at Culloden, two figures of Lord Elcho’s Troop forming a composite Squadron with two figures of Fitzjames’ Cavalerie and one figure of Lord Balmerino’s Troop forming a composite Prince Charles’ escort troop with one figure of Fitzjames Cavalerie.
The French-Irish Fitzjames Cavalerie were sent to Scotland in February 1745, but three squadrons were captured at sea by the Royal Navy and only one squadron landed. This is shown here.
I have shown them on matched black horses, but actually all of their horses were captured and they were remounted by dismounting Pitsligo’s Horse and Kilmarnock’s Horse Grenadiers, who then formed a Jacobite foot regiment, Kilmarnock’s Footguards.
I painted one small unit of Jacobite Cavalry when I made the Jacobite Army for Prestonpans. This was Strathallan’s Horse, shown here. They are converted from Strelets British Light Dragoons in Egypt.
I have now created the remainder of the Jacobite Cavalry. The units were all quite small, but I have modelled them at the greatest size they reached during the Jacobite Rebellion, which was the strength that they were at the invasion of England and Falkirk.