My Squares and Oblongs article was written 20 years ago. I have now revised it to take into account my more recent research into British Converged Light Battalions. I have not changed the original article, but have added an extra section at the end to explain these drills more fully.
I have published a new article in my Military Historical Research section. It is on Napoleonic Artillery and can be seen here: Napoleonic Artillery.
The article was originally drafted over 20 years ago as part of a book which I never finished. There is much better research on Napoleonic Artillery available now, such as books by Kevin Kiley, Anthony Dawson, Paul Dawson and Stephen Summerfield. However, having published articles on my similar old research into Infantry and Cavalry, I thought that I would add this one for completeness.
I like having Logistic units for my Wargames Armies. They may not get a lot of use but come in handy for some scenarios. The British Army used a half battalion of Highlanders to guard their baggage train at both Prestonpans and Culloden. The Battle of Clifton was fought as a delaying action to give the Jacobites time to withdraw their artillery and logistic train over the hills.
In most 18th and 19th Century Armies, logistics were organised by commissaries. The post of Commissary-General was normally a civilian or semi-civilian one. However the Jacobite Commissary-General, Colonel Lachlan MacLachlan, was very much a soldier, and died at the end of Culloden, leading his clan in a charge. Here is my model of him. He is a highly converted Strelets Napoleonic British Light Dragoon.
Well, I have finally finished my Jacobite Field Artillery. Their guns were either captured British ones or provided by the French. The Gunners themselves were lowlanders, mainly recruited from the Duke of Perth’s Regiment, with a small number of French Artillery providing command and technical direction. Here is a typical detachment of two model guns (representing four real guns). These guns are British 3 pounders (IMEX AWI American guns), the Jacobite crewmen are conversions from that same set, whilst the French Gunner is a conversion from a Strelets Russian Artillery of Peter I set.
Thornton’s Company of Yorkshire Blues acted as an artillery escort at the Battle of Falkirk. When I modelled them, I assumed that they were really 70 men strong, and therefore made them as a slightly understrength two figures, as described in a recent blog post. I have now realised that they were larger than this.
The French supplied the Jacobite Army with a number of artillery pieces, including six x 4 pound “Swedish” guns (so called because they were based on a lightweight Swedish design). I decided to model a complete French six gun battery (3 model guns) then I could use these for my planned expansion into the War of Austrian Succession, as well as use the same guns with mainly Jacobite gunners, plus a few French crew, for my Jacobite Rebellion set-up.
I based my “Swedish” French guns on those described in the Kronoskaf Seven Years War website (http://www.kronoskaf.com/syw/index.php?title=French_Artillery_%C3%A0_la_Su%C3%A9doise) with gun colour, horse furniture and drivers uniforms as per the print from the New York Public Library below:
I have a number of scratch built mortar and ammunition carts for my 18th Century British and Jacobite Armies, so I thought that I would post this blog to show how I made them. This one is carrying a Coehorn Mortar.
I was just re-reading Christopher Duffy’s excellent “Fight for a Throne – The Jacobite ’45 Reconsidered”, and realised that there was one small unit of the British Army at the Battle of Falkirk which I had not modelled. This was a company of the Yorkshire Blues, which I have now created. Continue reading
I have been painting up some more Jacobite infantry, starting with Roy Stuart’s Brigade.
Here is Colonel John Roy Stuart himself. He was an ardent Jacobite who had served in the Royal Scots Greys before becoming a Captain of Grenadiers in the French Royal Eccossais.
He was appointed as Colonel of his own Roy Stuart’s Edinburgh Regiment. I doubt if he would have worn Royal Ecossais uniform, since his French rank was junior to several other officers with that Regiment, but his Jacobite rank was senior to them. I have therefore shown him in a tartan jacket and plaid. He is a RedBox Militia figure with an added sword.
When I originally modelled my Prince’s Lifeguards, I did so just as three figures. This was my depiction of them as they were at Culloden, two figures of Lord Elcho’s Troop forming a composite Squadron with two figures of Fitzjames’ Cavalerie and one figure of Lord Balmerino’s Troop forming a composite Prince Charles’ escort troop with one figure of Fitzjames Cavalerie.