This is the final part of my modelling Edinburgh as it was in 1745. My previous recent posts described modelling the town. This covers modelling the castle itself.
Edinburgh Castle in the mid-18th Century looked like this.
The ground around the castle was more open than it is now and the old city walls came right up to the castle. Many of the buildings on the southern and western sides of the castle had not yet been constructed.
In my previous post, Edinburgh Town Part – 1, I described how I used my existing Medieval wall system (plus a few new elements) and PaperTerrain houses from their Village and Town packs to create a model of Edinburgh as it was in 1745.
In this post I am going describe a number of additional model buildings which I have made to represent historical Edinburgh buildings.
The first of these is a simple conversion of a PaperTerrain village house into the famous “World’s End” pub, which was the last building before the Netherbow Port, hence its name which implies that there was nothing worth visiting outside Edinburgh old town. The pub is still there but the Netherbow Port gate was demolished in 1764. I think this “street view” is quite effective.
My model doesn’t look a lot like the pub, I just printed out the modern pub signs and added them to the building.
I have previously made a couple of Naval vessels to represent those which took part in coastal or river operations during the Jacobite Rebellion. These were a 12 gun Royal Navy brig (two masted ship) and a merchant brig. These could represent HMS Hazard, captured by the Jacobites in Montrose Harbour in November 1745, and the French Armed Transport La Renommée which assisted in this. They could also represent HMS Vulture which unsuccessfully attempted to prevent a Jacobite merchant brig transporting French supplied siege artillery across the River Forth at Alloa in January 1746. Finally, the Royal Navy brig could represent the French ship “le Prince Charles” (the captured HMS Hazard) which was carrying £13,000 in gold for the Jacobites (worth £25 million today) but which was forced ashore in March 1746 in the Kyle of Tongue, by the 24 gun Frigate, HMS Sheerness.
I needed a model for HMS Sheerness, a larger three masted frigate than the other two, and which looked like this.
In Part 1, I described the background to my modelling of some Jacobite Boats, as used in their successful amphibious assault at Dornoch Firth on 20th March 1746. The first Jacobite boat I completed was shown in Part 1 and is shown again below.
I had previously modelled a pair of Royal Navy boats, which were used by 27th Foot (Inniskillings) and a Naval Landing Party, as part of a joint operation with a pair of small Royal Navy Brigs, in their unsuccessful attempt to prevent the Jacobites ferrying their siege guns across the Forth to help besiege Stirling Castle. These can be seem here and a photo of these boats is below.
However the largest amphibious operation of the ’45 was not British but Jacobite and, unlike the British one, it was entirely successful. I wanted the model the boats for this.
Tented camps featured in a couple of battles during the Jacobite Rebellion. The first was at Falkirk, where the British Army was still in its tented camp as the Jacobites began to deploy, so hastily marched out, as shown in the map of the battle below:
The second was the night before the Battle of Culloden, when the Jacobites made an abortive night march on the British Army tented camp at Nairn.
I decided to make some model tents, which I could use in such scenarios.
Peat walls were used in Scotland, wherever peat was a more easily obtainable material than rocks to build dry stone walls. One, the Leanach Enclosure, notably featured in the Battle of Culloden, forcing the Atholl Brigade to double their 3 rank line into a 6 rank column to avoid being disrupted by it. This enclosure is shown on the map below.
I found this map online, but modified the shape of the enclosure, extending it slightly northwards, to look more like the illustration in Stuart Reid’s “Like Hungry Wolves”.
Hedges may well have featured in several actions during the Jacobite Rebellion, but the main one in which they are mentioned is the Battle of Clifton on 18th December 1745. I covered this battle in a previous post (here) and my model of the battlefield is below, with the field surrounded by hedges in the centre.