The British Army had a number of troops deployed as garrisons in various fortifications in Scotland. At the start of the rebellion there were garrisons in Edinburgh Castle and Stirling Castle. There were also detachments Fort George, Fort Augustus and Fort William along the Great Glen (Loch Ness, Loch Lochy and Loch Linnhe). Finally, in early 1746, garrisons were set up in Blair Atholl Castle and Menzies Castle.
My previous post covered the Argyll Militia, formed in the South West of Scotland to counter the Jacobite Rebellion. Duncan Forbes, Lord Culloden, was Lord President of Scotland, effectively its Governor in the absence of the Secretary of State for Scotland who was in London.
In September 1745, Duncan Forbes was authorised to raise 20 Highland Independent Companies in the North East of Scotland. These were to operate under the command of Colonel John Campbell, Lord Loudoun, who commanded the 64th Foot. I had already modelled him since he served as General Cope’s Adjutant General at the Battle of Prestonpans and here he is here. After Prestonpans he escaped to Inverness and continued to recruit his regiment from there.
I am in the middle of modelling the Highland Independent Companies which operated in Northern Scotland during the Jacobite Rebellion. Meanwhile, I thought I would post a bit about the Argyll Militia. Later in the 18th Century several Fencible Regiments (for home service only) were formed but there was only such regiment during the Jacobite Rebellion, the Argyll Militia, formed from followers of Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll.
The commission to raise the Argyll Militia was issued in June 1745 to Major General John Campbell of Mamore, a cousin of the Duke, who went on to become the 4th Duke of Argyll in 1761. However he was in London at the commencement of the Jacobite Rebellion, so his son, the 22 year old Lieutenant Colonel John Campbell of Mamore (later 5th Duke of Argyll) actually raised the Argyll Militia and commanded it throughout the Jacobite Rebellion.
I modelled him earlier and here he is. He was the Lieutenant Colonel (deputy commander) of the 64th Foot (Loudoun’s) and I have shown him in their uniform, but with a Campbell plaid and a red saltire on a black cockade on his bonnet, which was worn by the Argyll Militia. There were a lot of officers named John Campbell, including Lord Loudoun himself, so it is easy to confuse them. He is a converted Strelets Swedish Trabant (Dragoon) of Charles XII.
I have just finished modelling the two Highland Regiments of the British Army during the Jacobite Rebellion, the 43rd Foot (Murray’s Black Watch) and 64th Foot (Loudoun’s). I had originally modelled the 3 ½ companies (7 figures) of the 64th Foot and one company (2 figures) of 43rd Foot which were at Prestonpans, where they acted as a baggage guard as seen below.
The wall is from PaperTerrain, with added stone chips stuck on top. The wagon is scratch built with sides from Wills (now Peco) model railway fencing, wheels from various artillery guns and horses from the Hät Napoleonic French Artillery Limber. The rearmost female figure on top is from the Atlantic Ancient Life set and the other two are from the Airfix Wagon Train set.
I have written a new article in the Military Historical Research Section, This is on Obstacle Avoidance Drills, which were similar for all Nations during the Napoleonic Wars. It can be viewed via the top menu or by clicking the link Obstacle Avoidance Drills here.
I have added the final unit to my Culloden British Army. This is the 10th (Kingston’s) Light Horse, raised as a volunteer unit by the Duke of Kingston on Hull. There is no print or description of their uniform, which has led to a lot of speculation as to what they wore.
They were disbanded in 1746, but immediately re-raised as the 15th (Cumberland’s) Dragoons. There is a David Morier painting of that Regiment, immediately before it was disbanded in 1748, which many have assumed was the same uniform worn by their predecessors of the 10th (Kingston’s) Light Horse. It has green facings, cream or buff waistcoat and breeches and a green plume in their hat.
Well, I have finally completed my Jacobite Army, so to celebrate here is another picture of Prince Charles Edward Stuart, accompanied by Colonel O’Sullivan and his standard bearer. Bonnie Prince Charlie is a Revell Prussian mounted officer with his tricorne welded into a Scots bonnet, Colonel O’Sullivan is a Revell Austrian artillery driver and the standard bearer is a heavily converted Italeri British Napoleonic Hussar.
I have been a bit busy on other things recently, but have now completed three more battalions of Jacobite Highlanders, as can be seen above. I originally started my Jacobite Army with the units which were at Prestonpans, then expanded it to add those at Culloden. These three battalions were not at either of those battles, but were at Falkirk and several minor actions. All three have a Regimental Commander, for reasons which I will explain below. Continue reading
During the Jacobite Rebellion, the French sent detachments from their Irish Brigade to Scotland. These were formed together as a composite battalion of Irish Piquets. I decided to model the complete Irish Brigade, which I wanted anyway for my expansion into the War of Austrian Succession, then take a few figures from the various units of this to form my model of the Irish Piquets, in other words exactly what they did in 1745.
The Irish Brigade was commanded by Marshal de Camp (Major-General) Charles O’Brian, Compte (or Vicount) de Clare. He could have worn the French Marshal de Camp blue uniform, however I decided to model him in his Regiment Clare uniform, with yellow facings, but gave him a tricorne with white feathers around the edge, as worn by French Generals.
I have now added the Royal Ecossais to my 18th Century wargames armies. They are one of my favourite units, so I have been looking forward to this.
I had made one figure already, of their Regimental Colonel Lord John Drummond. He arrived in Scotland with his Regiment on 26th November 1745. The main Jacobite Army was marching south from Carlisle towards Preston at that stage. Major General Lord Strathallan had been left in command of a small number of Jacobite forces in Scotland, but Lord John Drummond was now appointed as a Jacobite Lieutenant General, so took over command of the troops in Scotland and set about raising considerably more. I modelled him wearing the Scottish version of his Royal Ecossais uniform, short jacket and blue bonnet, with a plaid slung over his left shoulder.