Minor raids were a feature of the Highland way of life, so I decided to model three of these which took place during the Jacobite Rebellion.
The first of these was against Culloden House in October 1745. Today Culloden House is a hotel and here is an old postcard of it.
It was very similar to the building which I had already modelled as Preston House, for the Battle of Prestonpans, so I used the same one for Culloden House.
At the time of the Jacobite Rebellion this was the property of Duncan Forbes, Lord Culloden, who was Lord President of Scotland, effectively Governor, and who had been raising Loyalist Independent Companies to oppose the Jacobites.
On the night of 15th-16th October 1745, a force of some 200 Jacobites from Clan Fraser, led by Lieutenant Colonel James Fraser of Foyers, raided Culloden House, with the aim of kidnapping Duncan Forbes and disrupting his Loyalist recruiting activities. Here is my model of the raid, with the Frasers advancing towards the house.
Here is a close up of the advancing Frasers, with six figures representing 180 on my 1:30 figure ratio.
I have assumed that Duncan Forbes had some men from one of his new Independent Companies to protect his house, and I have shown them here as the Inverness Company, the only one not clan based, and wearing tartan trews.
Duncan Forbes and his men drove the Frasers away. Lord Lovat had undoubtedly sent James Fraser on this raid, but he denied culpability, saying he could not control his young men.
A few months later an even larger force of Frasers, commanded by Colonel Simon Fraser (Lord Lovat’s son) was investing (ie blockading) Fort Augustus. They had no artillery so could not damage the fort but might have eventually starved it out.
In early December 1745, Lord Loudoun, who was commanding the Loyalist forces in the north of Scotland led a force of four companies of his own 64th Foot and seven of the newly raised Independent Companies to drive away the Frasers. There are several different lists of which Independent Companies took part in that raid, but I have opted for two Sutherland companies, two MacKenzie companies, two MacKay companies and the one Grant company. He then followed this up with a raid by that same force on Castle Dounie, the home of Lord Lovat, in order to capture him.
Today, Castle Dounie has been renamed as Beaufort Castle. It was substantially rebuilt in the late 19th Century, but here is an old picture of it immediately before that reconstruction.
I made a model of this using materials from several sources.
Like all of my model buildings, the top lifts off to reveal a ruined version below.
I wanted a model of Lord Lovat so converted this from an Accurate (or Revell) AWI American Militia figure. I thought the slightly corpulent look of the figure and his wig was a good match for Lord Lovat. The conversion was simply removing the musket he originally had over his right shoulder. I have not shown a cockade on his tricorne, since the wily Lord Lovat swore allegiance to both sides. He has a plain blue coat with a Fraser tartan waistcoat.
The raid on Castle Dounie took place on 11th December 1745. The River Beauly is behind the house.
I have shown Lord Lovat with just a small number of his Frasers defending the house.
Lord Loudoun and his larger Loyalist force captured Lord Lovat and took him off to Inverness, but he escaped from there shortly afterwards, being carried to safety on the back of one of his retainers, since he was too fat and unfit to run.
There was however an unfortunate consequence for the Loyalists, since in order to carry out this raid Lord Loudoun had split his forces, leaving a smaller force of Independent Companies under Norman MacLeod, Chief of Clan MacLeod, to oppose the Jacobites in the Aberdeen region. This latter operation went badly for Norman MacLeod when he was defeated at the Battle of Inverurie, which I will cover in my next post.
The third of these minor raids which I wanted to model was that on Moy Hall in February 1746. Here is an old picture of Moy Hall.
I felt that it was similar enough to Castle Dounie, to use the same model for it.
Moy Hall was the residence of Lady Anne MacKintosh. Her husband was a loyalist, commanding the Additional Company of the 43rd Foot (Black Watch) in Inverness. Lady Anne was fiercely Jacobite and had raised her clan (also known as Clan Chattan) to support the rebellion. As the Jacobites approached Inverness, Prince Charles and a small entourage stayed at Moy Hall as modelled below.
Lord Loudoun heard that Prince Charles was there with only a few men, so on the night of 16th-17th February 1746 led a substantial force to capture him. However soldiers talking in an inn in Inverness alerted Jacobite sympathisers and the daughter of the innkeeper, a Miss Baillie, ran four miles in bare feet to warn Prince Charles. I wanted a model of her and converted an old Airfix red indian to Miss Baillie, by welding on a skirt, blouse and scarf, as below.
Here she is running through the woods to Moy Hall.
Lord Loudoun’s force comprised four companies of his 64th Foot, the one Additional Company of the 43rd Foot (Black Watch), five MacLeod Independent Companies, two MacKay Independent Companies, two Sutherland Independent Companies, two MacKenzie Independent Companies and the Munro Independent Company. Here they are advancing on Moy Hall, with the regular companies deployed in front.
The local blacksmith, Donald Fraser, with only a handful of men (some accounts say only four in total) took up a position behind a stone wall just before the house, and opened fire on the advancing Loyalists. I normally use a 1:30 figure ratio, so have shown this Jacobite force as only a single man, since they were so small.
The advancing column was thrown into confusion. The two MacKenzie companies, half way down the column, turned and ran, and the three companies behind them also followed the MacKenzies and withdrew. The MacKenzie’s loyalty might have been suspect, since George MacKenzie, Earl of Cromartie, had defected to the Jacobites with his whole company of 64th Foot, and he had subsequently raised a complete Jacobite Regiment. The MacKenzies rout is shown here:
During this skirmish a Loyalist piper, the famous Donald Ban MacCrimmon, was killed, some accounts say by “friendly fire”.
The action by the blacksmith, Donald Fraser, gave Prince Charles and his entourage time to escape. Lord Loudoun retired to Inverness, but decided he could not hold it with his unreliable troops, so withdrew to the North of the town.
In my next post I will cover the Battle of Inverurie.