British Garrison Troops

The British Army had a number of troops deployed as garrisons in various fortifications in Scotland.  At the start of the rebellion there were garrisons in Edinburgh Castle and Stirling Castle.  There were also detachments Fort George, Fort Augustus and Fort William along the Great Glen (Loch Ness, Loch Lochy and Loch Linnhe).  Finally, in early 1746, garrisons were set up in Blair Atholl Castle and Menzies Castle.

Scotland Map

At the start of the campaign, the 6th Foot was deployed with three companies in Fort George, three in Fort Augustus and two in Fort William.  One of the companies from Fort George was taken by Cope as he passed through Inverness, and that company was captured at Prestonpans.  It is not clear where the other two companies were, nor where the battalion headquarters was.  Presumably the Regimental Colours would have been with the headquarters, but there is no account of those being captured when the Jacobites took Fort George and Fort Augustus.  I am therefore assuming that the battalion headquarters, and the missing two companies were in Stirling Castle.  There were four regular companies there, two of which are unidentified, so I think were probably those of the 6th Foot.

IMG_3615

 

I had already modelled two figures of the 6th Foot as part of the Prestonpans set-up, but now I have added 12 figures to complete the battalion, as shown here.  I plan to use them in detachments in the various forts.

 

 

 

IMG_3621

 

I had previously modelled the 58th Foot, who were at Prestonpans, as 12 figures.  I now added two more figures to represent the two companies which were detached as a garrison to Edinburgh Castle.  They are in the same pose as the rest of their battalion.

 

 

There were a number of Additional Companies (recruiting companies) from the various Scottish Regiments.  I have previously mentioned those of the 43rd Foot (Black Watch) but there were also two Additional Companies for each of 1st Foot (Royal Scots), 21st Foot (Royal Scots Fusiliers) and 25th Foot (Edinburgh Regiment).  These latter lowland Scots companies were very weak, not being more than 25 men each.  I have represented them as two figures per Regiment.

IMG_3618

 

Those of the 1st Foot (Royal Scots) marched from Perth to Fort Augustus at the beginning of the campaign.  They were then ordered to march south to reinforce Fort William, but on route on 16th August 1745 were captured by a Jacobite force (mainly MacDonnell of Keppoch and Camerons) and had the distinction of being present, as prisoners, when the Jacobite Standard was raised at Glenfinnan, three days later.  I have modelled these here.

 

 

IMG_3620

 

The Additional Companies of the 21st Foot (Royal Scots Fusiliers) marched from Glasgow to Fort William and then formed part of that garrison.  I have modelled them here, in the same pose as the rest of their battalion.

 

 

 

IMG_3619

 

The Additional Companies of the 25th Foot (Edinburgh Regiment) marched from Edinburgh to Stirling and then formed part of that garrison.  I have modelled them here, in the same pose as the rest of their battalion.

 

 

I decided to model commanders for these various garrisons.

IMG_3622

 

Edinburgh Castle was commanded by Lieutenant General Guest.  His Regiment was 3rd Dragoons, so I have shown him in that uniform.  He is converted from an Imex/Revell/Accurate American War of Independence British figure.

 

 

 

 

IMG_3623

 

Stirling Castle was commanded by Major General Blakeney.  I have shown him in the uniform of his Regiment, the 27th Foot (Inniskilling Regiment).  He is also converted from an Imex/Revell/Accurate American War of Independence British figure.

 

 

 

 

 

 

IMG_3625

 

 

Fort George was commanded by Major Grant, of the 43rd Foot (Black Watch).  I converted him from an old Airfix Napoleonic Highlander standard bearer, cutting down his feathered bonnet, welding it into a simple Scots bonnet and adding a plaid, plus a broadsword.  I would use that same figure to command any other small detachment needing a Black Watch officer.

 

 

IMG_3624

 

Fort Augustus was commanded by Major Wentworth of the 6th Foot.  He is a converted Imex/Revell/Accurate American War of Independence figure.  I would use this same figure as Captain Scott, also of the 6th Foot, who commanded Fort William.

 

 

 

 

 

In early March 1746, the Jacobites were occupying Inverness and Cumberland’s Army was to the east at Aberdeen, with the newly arrived Hessian force based around Perth.

IMG_3630

Cumberland ordered two advanced posts to be set up, at Blair Atholl Castle and Menzies Castle.  Both were manned by composite contingents, Blair Atholl certainly comprising a sizeable number of the 21st Foot (Royal Scots Fusiliers) and 25th Foot (Edinburgh Regiment), plus other detachments, perhaps 300 in total.  Blair Atholl Castle was commanded by Sir Andrew Agnew of the 21st Foot, and I have modelled him here.  Again he is converted from an Imex/Revell/Accurate American War of Independence figure.

 

IMG_3629

 

Menzies Castle garrison comprised some of the 27th Foot (Iniskilling Regiment) plus various other detachments, totalling some 200 men.  It was originally commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Leighton of the 27th Foot (Inniskilling Regiment), but he handed over command to one of his officers, Captain Webster.  I will use the same figure for both commanders, again converted from an Imex/Revell/Accurate American War of Independence figure.

 

 

Out in front (ie to the north west) of Blair Atholl Castle and Menzies Castle, was a screen of Argyll Militia.  When the Argyll Militia were raised they had 8 companies which were fully paid and whose officers held British Army commissions.  These formed the Field Force which I had already modelled, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel John Campbell of Mamore.  They were also authorised to raise a further 16 companies which were not paid and whose officers did not have British Army commissions.  These latter companies were provided with arms and ammunition, and were also provided with rations whilst on duty.  They were used to guard static posts, as opposed to a Field Force role, so I have called them Argyll Militia Volunteers, which seem to describe their status.  All of these companies were nominally of 113 all ranks, although some fell below this establishment.  Four of the volunteer companies were used to guard the main Campbell base at Inverary, where arms and ammunition were stored.  A further four were dispersed in small detachments in a dozen separate castles.

Three of these Argyll Militia Volunteer companies were sent to reinforce the garrison at Fort William and were present there during the Jacobite siege of that fort.   I decided to model these, but I had run out of suitable highlander figures.  However Strelets had just released a set of British Napoleonic Highlanders at Rest, which I thought exactly portrayed the static guard image which I wanted from these troops.  Here are four figures from this set, those on the white card bases having been modified.

IMG_3604

I cut the feathered bonnets down then welded them into simple Scots bonnets, welded the packs into belted plaids and added broadswords.

IMG_3614

 

Here are the completed three companies who joined the Fort William garrison.  I have given them an officer (actually converted from a pioneer) and a piper) converted from a drummer).  They had no uniforms, bot wore black cockades to show they were loyalist troops.  These cockades are described as having either red or yellow saltires on them.  I decided to show the Field Force companies (which I had already modelled) with red saltires and the Volunteers with yellow saltires (as here).

IMG_3613

 

A further five of these Argyll Militia Volunteer companies were deployed to help defend Blair Atholl Castle and Menzies Castle.  Three companies were deployed in a screen to the north west of those castles, whilst a fourth company acted as a reserve just behind them at Kynachan.  A fifth company was deployed behind Blair Atholl and Menzies Castles, at Dunkeld to the south east.  As the Jacobites advanced they easily swept away these Militia Volunteers.  Again I modelled these from those same Strelets figures.

 

IMG_3612

 

The commander of this screen was Captain Campbell of Knockbowie  and I have modelled him here.

 

 

 

 

 

 

I had already modelled Blair Atholl Castle and Menzies Castle (see here), scroll down to the bottom of that page.  My next project will be to model Fort George, Fort Augustus and Fort William.

Advertisements

2 thoughts on “British Garrison Troops

    • rodwargaming January 6, 2018 / 8:07 am

      I visited Stirling Castle many years ago, but the museum was a very traditional military one. I am visiting Blair Atholl Castle later this year. We used to visit Scotland frequently, since 3/4 of my and my wife’s families were Scots, but they have all died out or emigrated, so we don’t go so often nowadays.

      Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s