10th (Kingston’s) Light Horse

I have added the final unit to my Culloden British Army.  This is the 10th (Kingston’s) Light Horse, raised as a volunteer unit by the Duke of Kingston on Hull.   There is no print or description of their uniform, which has led to a lot of speculation as to what they wore.

15th Duke of Cumberland's Dragoons 1748

 

They were disbanded in 1746, but immediately re-raised as the 15th (Cumberland’s) Dragoons.  There is a David Morier painting of that Regiment, immediately before it was disbanded in 1748, which many have assumed was the same uniform worn by their predecessors of the 10th (Kingston’s) Light Horse.  It has green facings, cream or buff waistcoat and breeches and a green plume in their hat.

 

However, Stuart Reid, in his Osprey “Cumberland’s Culloden Army 1745-46” suggests that they would have worn blue jackets, the same as other volunteer infantry and cavalry units.  He has an illustration of this uniform as Plate F1 of that Osprey, in which he shows them with exactly the same uniform as that known to have been worn by the  9th (Montague’s) Light Horse, with whom they were brigaded, as part of Cumberland’s Midlands Army during the Jacobite Invasion of England.

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I decided to take elements from both of these suggestions, and portray them in blue jackets, but with the green facings and green plumes worn by the 15th (Cumberland’s) Dragoons.  Many blue uniformed volunteer regiments did have red facings, but Thornton’s Company of Yorkshire Blues had buff, so there are precedents for other facing colours.

 

British Army Regiments are very keen to preserve such distinctions when their uniform changes.  It also will allow me to distinguish between the 10th Light Horse and the 9th Light Horse, when I model the latter, which was of course the point of different facing colours.

 

Here is the complete Regiment, as it was at Culloden, at a strength of two squadrons.

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The figures are all Strelets Swedish Trabants (Dragoons) of Charles XII.  They have been slightly modified to add drawn swords.  The guidon is speculative, with the arms of the Duke of Kingston-on-Hull.

British Dragoons of this era were still capable of dismounting and were occasionally used in that role (as at Clifton in December 1745).  I have assumed that the 10th (Kingston’s) Light Horse would be equally capable of this, although I don’t think that they ever actually did so.  I have therefore modelled alternate dismounted figures as skirmishers, whilst leaving one third of each squadron as horseholders.  The dismounted figures are Imex AWI British Infantry, whilst the dismounted horses are from Esci/Italeri Napoleonic Polish Lancers (I once bought a lot of loose spare horses).

IMG_3563

IMG_3564

 

The overall commander of the British Cavalry at Culloden was Lieutenant General Henry Hawley, who had been demoted to that role after his performance at Falkirk.  He is shown here with his ADC, Major James Wolfe, who went on to win fame in Canada.  Hawley apparently told Wolfe to shoot a wounded Jacobite after Culloden.  Wolfe refused to do so, which says a lot about both of their characters.

 

IMG_3562

 

The other British Cavalry units at Culloden were the 10th (Cobham’s) Dragoons and 11th (Kerr’s) Dragoons, both of which I had previously modelled.  I had not however modelled their Brigade Commander, Major General Sir Humphrey Bland. so here he is, in the uniform of his Regiment, the 3rd (Bland’s) Dragoons.  He wrote the “Treatise of Military Discipline” which was the British Army’s Tactical Handbook for the 18th Century, printed in 9 editions between 1727 and 1762.

 

Bland commanded the cavalry on the left wing at Culloden, comprising two squadrons of Cobham’s 10th Dragoons and all three squadrons of Kerr’s 11th Dragoons.  Hawley accompanied this left wing, also taking with him a half battalion of Highlanders comprising one company of Loudoun’s 64th Foot and three companies of Argyll Militia.

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The cavalry on the right wing at Culloden comprised the third squadron of Cobham’s 10th Dragoons and both squadrons of Kingston’s 10th Light Horse.  I wanted a commander for this right wing cavalry force, and have assumed that they would have been commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Mordaunt of Kingston’s Regiment, as shown here.  His horse is one of the very cheap Eagle Games ones.  He should not be confused with Brigadier General John Mordaunt of the 18th Foot, who commanded an Infantry Brigade at Culloden.

 

Well, I am now going to move on to completing the 64th (Loudoun’s) Highlanders, and the Independent Highland Companies raised by Duncan Forbes, Lord Culloden, in late 1745.  These took part in various minor actions in the north of Scotland in 1745/46.

 

 

3 thoughts on “10th (Kingston’s) Light Horse

  1. Graham Cummings November 21, 2017 / 8:00 pm

    What a great project. I’m busy going back through your posts and picking up snippets of info as I go 😀
    I’m busy raising my armies for the ’45 but using my own range of 28mm
    Graham

    Like

    • rodwargaming November 21, 2017 / 10:19 pm

      Hi Graham,
      Glad you liked it. I continue to gain more knowledge of the 45 as I model each new unit.

      Rod

      Like

      • Graham Cummings November 21, 2017 / 10:54 pm

        Fascinating period and loads of small actions and what ifs. Currently getting the Georgia Scouts sculpted and just finishing off Pistligo’s horse.

        Like

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