So far I have modelled most of the Jacobite Highland Infantry, but only one unit of Jacobite Lowland Infantry, the 1st Battalion Duke of Perth’s Regiment, who were at Prestonpans (with some attached MacGregors).
You can see them here as they were later in the campaign. They are mainly RedBox Loyalist and Militia, but there is one Revell AWI American Militia figure, two Airfix AWI British Grenadiers and one Redbox British Infantry (as the deserter in the rear rank). All have Scots bonnets, achieved by headswaps with other similar figures who have been modelled as Loyalist Volunteers wearing tricornes.
I have now modelled four more battalions of Jacobite Lowland Infantry, 1st & 2nd Battalions Ogilvy’s Regiment and 1st & 2nd Battalions Lewis Gordon’s Regiment.
For Lord Ogilvy himself, I have used a Strelets Jacobite in trews. This figure was originally running on one leg, but I have welded his rear leg down and also added a scabbard, since he did not have one. I have also added a welded Scots bonnet, since the original figure was bareheaded. Lastly, I have stuck him onto a 2 Euro cent coin on a 20mm circular disc to give him stability. All of my foot commanders are on that size base, and all of my mounted ones on an oval base 20mm x 30mm. I did a similar conversion of a different Strelets figure as Lord Lewis Gordon.
Most of the Lowland Jacobite units have been modelled from RedBox Loyalist Militia. If they did not already have a Scots bonnet, then I have given them one with a headswap. I use a cut off section of a staple to pin the head to the body, then weld a small piece of plastic sprue around the joint.
All of the Jacobite Lowland Infantry have been given a tartan plaid wrapped around their body, by welding on a piece of plastic sprue. Lord Ogilvy’s Regiment wore short Highland jackets, so I have cut down any longer coats, as here.
A few figures in each battalion are Strelets Jacobites in trews.
Several books have speculated that Lord Ogilvy’s Regiment wore a uniform of Rob Roy (red and black) tartan, and there are many prints, contemporary and modern, which show this. I have recently downloaded a Kindle edition of “No Quarter Given – The Muster Roll of Prince Charles Edward Stuart’s Army, 1745-46”. This was written by three members of the 1745 Association and includes a definitive statement that the Ogilvy Regiment wore a uniform of the black and red checked material of the Rob Roy Tartan. That was good enough for me to model them wearing that.
I started by painting all of the figures of the Ogilvy Regiment in matt black.
I then added red vertical and horizontal lines to create the black and red chequer pattern. Lastly I added different coloured tartan plaids for the 1st and 2nd Battalions, Ogilvy tartan for the 1st Battalion and Airlie tartan for the 2nd battalion. This is the figure before painting the plaid.
Here is the completed Ogilvy Regiment. Both battalions are in line, one behind the other.
Here is the completed Lord Lewis Gordon’s Regiment. This comprised the 1st Battalion (Avochie’s) and the 2nd Battalion (Stonywood). Both are shown wearing normal civilian clothes, but with Scots bonnets and a tartan plaid. The Regiment includes a couple of Airfix AWI British Grenadier figures to make up numbers.
I have shown them in two ranks, representing the six rank formation which Jacobite units used occasionally. The tartan plaid are Red Gordon for the 1st Battalion, and “Green” Gordon for the 2nd Battalion. The latter is a massive anacronism, since this Gordon Highlanders tartan is based on a Black Watch tartan with a yellow overstripe and clearly was not worn at this period by anyone. However, all of my Jacobite tartans are artistic licence, this one just a bit more so.
Lastly, I wanted a figure of Lord Strathallan and his ADC. When the Jacobite Army marched into England it did so as two Divisions, a Highland Division under Lieutenant General Lord George Murray and a Lowland Division under Lieutenant General the Duke of Perth. Lord Strathallan was appointed as a Major General to command the troops left back in Scotland and raise some new ones. For Strathallan I used a Strelets mounted Jacobite officer.
For his ADC, I was originally going to use an anonymous officer of Strathallan’s Horse, and picked an Italeri Napoleonic British Hussar for this. The short jacket was right, and I just welded his pelisse into a plaid, welded the headdress into a Scots bonnet, removed the sabretasche and added welded tops to the boots.
However I then came across a comment in Christopher Duffy’s “Fight for a Throne” which states that John Gordon of Kilmandinny, who was an officer of the Scots Brigade in Dutch service, was ADC to Lord Strathallan. The book “No Quarter Given – The Muster Roll of Prince Charles Edward Stuart’s Army 1745-46” includes in the list of officers of Strathallan’s Horse the name of John Graham of Kilmardinny, who is shown as a Lieutenant ADC to Lord Strathallan. This is clearly the same officer, and I suspect that the spelling of his name and home town in the latter source is correct.
I tried to find him in a list of Scots Brigade officers (The Scots Brigade in the Service of the United Netherlands 1572-1782, published by the Scottish History Society) so that I could determine which Regiment he belonged to, but drew a blank, as it is good for officers commanding companies and above, but not comprehensive for more junior officers. In the end I welded tails to his coat and painted him as a member of Halkett’s Dutch Regiment (yellow facings) but with a Scots bonnet and a Strathallan plaid.
Here is Strathallan and his ADC on a command sabot. I am also planning to use Strathallan as commander of the Jacobite Second Line at Culloden. Strathallan was certainly at Culloden since he died at the end of the battle. The original two Lieutenant Generals (Lord George Murray and the Duke of Perth) were in the front line, as was the new Lieutenant General Lord John Drummond. As a Major General, Lord Strathallan was the next most senior, so he is my choice as overall commander of the reserves.
Some sources state that John Roy Stuart performed this role, but he was originally a Captain in the Royal Ecossais, who then became a Colonel of the Jacobite Edinburgh Regiment. He was certainly a Brigade Commander, but I think he would have been too junior to have commanded the entire reserve, particularly when that would have put him in command of several officers who were senior to him. Conversely, Lord Strathallan, as a Major General, was too senior to have been solely commanding his Cavalry Regiment, which had shrunk to no more than a half-squadron of 70 men.